Introduction 1 About This Book 2 Conventions Used in This Book 2 Foolish Assumptions 3 Icons Used in This Book 4 Where to Go from Here 4 Chapter 1: Say It How? Speaking Portuguese 5 Exploring the Roots of Portuguese 6 Reciting Your ABCs 8 Conquering Consonants 9 The letter C 10 The letter D 10 The letter G 11 The letter H 11 The letter J 12 The letter L 12 The letters M and N 12 The letter Q 13 The letter R 13 The letter S 14 The letter T 14 The letter W 14 The letter X 15 Exercising Your Jowls with Vowels 15 The letters A and A 15 The letters E and E 16 The letter I 16 The letters O and O 17 The letter U 17 Chapter 2: Grammar on a Diet: Just the Basics 19 Constructing Simple Sentences 19 Nouns 20 Adjectives 20 Articles 21 Pronouns 22 Verbs 23 The Simple Tenses: Present, Past, and Future 24 Present tense 25 Past tense 27 Future tense 28 Conjugating the tenses 29 Connecting It All Together 32 Making Contractions: It?s a Cinch! 33 To Me, to You: Indirect Objects 34 Commanding an Audience 35 Getting Possessive 35 Chapter 3: Numerical Gumbo: Counting of All Kinds 39 Numbers to Know: When Everything Counts 39 The Big Countdown: Ordinal Numbers 41 Telling Time 42 Monday, Tuesday: Weekdays 44 Tracking the Calendar: Months and Dates 46 Naming the months 46 Picking a date 47 Money, Money, Money 48 Currency and prices 49 Getting money from banks and ATMs 50 Measuring Distances and Other Stuff 52 Chapter 4: Making New Friends and Enjoying Small Talk 55 A Few Ways to Say Hello and Goodbye 56 Introducing Yourself 58 First Names, Last Names, and Nicknames 59 Knowing Who, What, and Where 61 "Where Are You From?" 62 Describing the World around You 66 Describing permanent qualities: Ser 66 Describing temporary qualities: Estar 70 Speaking about Speaking 71 The Good, the Bad, and the Humid: Weather 73 Figuring Out Family Connections 75 Giving Out Your Contact Information 76 Chapter 5: Enjoying a Drink and a Snack (or Meal!) 79 Bom Apetite! Enjoy Your Meal! 79 At the Restaurant: Trying Local Foods 81 Ordering at a restaurant 82 Ordering a drink 85 First foods up: Salads and condiments 86 On to the main course 88 Basking in Brazilian barbeque 89 Doing dessert 90 Paying the bill 91 Chapter 6: Shop 'Til You Drop 95 Finding Places to Shop 95 Out for the Perfect Outfit 96 Skirts and shirts: Which to choose 97 Trying it on 99 Exploring Brazilian Treasures 101 Shopping for Food and Necessities at the Market 103 Getting some practical items 103 Shopping at the outdoor market 104 Making Comparisons and Expressing Opinions 105 Paying for Your Purchases 106 Chapter 7: Making Leisure a Top Priority 109 Talking about Going Out 110 Inviting someone and being invited 110 Asking what the place or event is like 111 Asking People What They Like to Do 113 Taking in Brazil's Musical Culture 114 Playing an instrument 114 Dancing around and singing out loud 116 Exploring Carnaval in Brazil 117 Exploring Art Galleries and Museums 118 Going to the Movies 119 Hanging Out at the Beach 120 What to take to the beach 121 Talking about beach safety 123 Expressing beauty: "It's so beautiful!" 124 Getting Out for a Walk (or a Hike) 125 Playing Soccer ? Brazil's National Pastime 127 Falling in Love ? in Portuguese 128 Chapter 8: When You Gotta Work 131 Picking Up the Phone 131 Saying hello and goodbye 132 Making a call 133 Dealing with verbal mush 135 Talking in the past 137 Talking about Work 138 Dealing with Computers 142 Chapter 9: I Get Around: Transportation 145 On the Move: Transportation 146 Making a plane reservation 146 Taking buses 150 Hailing taxis 150 Renting a car 152 Onde? Where? The Question for Going Places 154 Understanding Spatial Directions 157 Navigating Cityscapes 159 Over Here, Over There 162 How Far? Perto ou longe? 163 Chapter 10: Finding a Place to Lay Your Weary Head 165 Finding a Place to Live 165 Checking Out the Hotel or Pousada 167 Deciding where to stay 167 Making reservations 169 Checking in and checking out: Registration procedures 170 Talking about Sleep 171 Chapter 11: Dealing with Emergencies 175 Stick 'em Up: What to Say If You're Robbed 176 Asking for and receiving help 176 Reporting a problem to the police 178 Handling Health Emergencies 179 Getting sick 180 Handling broken bones and other injuries 183 Discussing Legal Problems 185 Chapter 12: Ten Favorite Brazilian Portuguese Expressions 187 Que saudade! 187 Fala serio! 187 . . . pra caramba! 188 Table of Contents ix Lindo maravilhoso! 188 E mesmo? 189 Um beijo! or Um abraco! 189 Imagina! 189 Pois nao? 190 Com certeza! 190 Fique tranquilo 190 Chapter 13: Ten Phrases That Make You Sound Like a Local 191 Ne? 191 Ta 192 Ah e? 192 Entao 192 Sabe? 192 Meio 193 Ou seja/E tal 193 Ce Instead of Voce 193 Pra Instead of Para a 194 To instead of Estou 194 Index 195
Karen Keller is a journalist who lived and worked in Sao Paulo, Brazil, for three years. Before moving to Brazil, the California native taught Spanish at a New York City?based foreign-language-education Web site. Keller is also a published travel-guide writer. She currently lives in New Jersey, where she is a local newspaper reporter.