Herman Melville (1819-91) is the author of the novel Moby
Dick, which was a commercial failure during his lifetime but is now
considered a classic. Born in New York City, Melville enjoyed some
years as a successful writer following the publication of his first
book Typee in 1896. He produced a number of travelogues and
nautical works, inspired by his earlier experience as a sailor.
During his later years, however, his work fell out of favour and he
became largely forgotten until the 1910s and 20s saw a revival of
Judith John (glossary) is a writer and editor specializing in literature and history. She has worked as an editor on major educational projects, including English A: Literature for the Pearson International Baccalaureate series. Judith's major research interests include Romantic and Gothic literature, and Renaissance drama.