Introduction 1 Theoretical background 2 Secularism with democracy 3 Turkish Islam 4 Turkish Islam and freedom of conscience 5 Violent reaction: the Malatya Incident 1952 6 Creeping reaction: Said Nursi and his disciples 7 Turkish Islam and Alevism Conclusion
Kemal Ataturk's Republic of Turkey was set up in 1923 as a secular state, sweeping political, social, and religious reforms followed. This study sets out the struggle between religion and secularism, and shows how Ataturk laboured for an idealised 'Turkish Islam' stripped of superstition and linked to modern science and positivist philosophy.
Umut Azak graduated in Political Science and International Relations at Bogazici University, Istanbul, and completed her PhD in the Department of Turkish Studies at Leiden University. She has taught and researched at Sabanci University, Leiden University, Utrecht University and the Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World (ISIM) in Leiden. She was 2008/09 fellow of the Berlin-based research program 'Europe in the Middle East - The Middle East in Europe' (EUME).
'the most innovative aspect lies in the fact that [she] redefines the struggle in Turkey not as one between Islam and Secularism, but between 'good and bad' Islam. It is a remarkably mature work'. - Professor Erik-Jan Zurcher, Director of the International Institute of Social History (IISH), Amsterdam and Professor of Turkish Studies at the University of Leiden; 'The first extensive scientific account on these decisive years of the formation of the modern Turkish political culture - Islam and Secularism in Turkey is the outcome of a systematic and intelligent exploration of a very wide corpus.' - Hamit Bozarslan, Assistant Professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris and Co-director of IISMM (Institut d'Etudes de l'islam et des societes du monde musulman)