Preface vii PART ONE Life's Physical Context 1 1 Preambulations 3 2 Setting the Stage 11 3 More Tools 29 PART TWO Fluids 51 4 Gases and Liquids: Fluids at Rest 53 5 Gases Meet Liquids: The Interface 71 6 Viscosity and the Patterns of Flow 87 7 The Forces of Flow 111 8 Fluid Events Near Surfaces 141 9 Where Flows Are Inside 163 10 More about Circulatory Systems 183 11 Flows in Small Worlds 207 12 About Lift 225 13 Thrust for Flying and Swimming 251 14 Motion at the Air-Water Interface 271 PART THREE Solids and Structures 285 15 A Matter of Materials 287 16 Biological Materials: Tuning Properties Properly 313 17 Biological Materials: Cracks and Composites 329 18 More about Complex Materials: Viscoelasticity 347 19 Simple Structures: Beams, Columns, Shells 363 20 Less Simple Structural Matters 389 21 Hydrostatic Structures, Hydraulic Devices 407 22 Structural Systems 425 23 Motility and Mobility 449 24 Using Muscle: Tuning and Transmissions 473 25 Getting Around on Land 491 PART FOUR The Contexts of Biomechanics 513 26 Loose Ends and Perspectives 515 APPENDICES 1 Quantification: Rules of the Road 537 2 Motion and Direction 547 3 Size and Scaling 553 List of Symbols 565 References and Index of Citations 567 Subject Index 601
Steven Vogel is James B. Duke Professor Emeritus of Biology at Duke University. His numerous books include "Glimpses of Creatures in Their Physical Worlds" (Princeton) and "Cats' Paws and Catapults" (Norton).
Praise for the previous edition:"A delightful and comprehensive textbook that is perfect for undergraduates and those of us who need a refresher... Throughout the book, Vogel introduces the formulae and principles that matter in a clear manner, and illustrates them with a dizzying array of biological and physical examples... T his book is tremendous fun to read. Vogel writes with an effervescent sense of delight in his subject. The text is laced with wit and humor, and sprinkled with eclectic examples of nature's many marvels. None of the fun, however, diminishes the clarity."--Daniel E. Lieberman, Nature Praise for the previous edition:"I tried skim-reading Steven Vogel's Comparative Biomechanics ... But was compromised: the volume has so many little gems scattered throughout that my eye got caught by the glitter and couldn't escape. In earlier books, Vogel introduced biomechanics piecemeal. Now he has written an integrated textbook on the subject."--Julian F. V. Vincent, Science Praise for the previous edition:"Science books are generally read for three reasons: it is assigned, it provides an introduction to an unfamiliar field, or because it is a truly enjoyable read. Great science books meet all three... With Comparative Biomechanics, Vogel has now produced a book that meets all three criteria of a great science book."--Scott Turner, Quarterly Review of Biology Praise for the previous edition:"Personal anecdotes connect the material to the happenings of everyday life, creating a book that will be well received and remembered by students. Nearly every example is accessible to common experience and easy to comprehend... Excellent, clean line diagrams illustrate nearly every important concept. Each chapter begins with an eclectic and often amusing quotation drawn or paraphrased from the experiences of the author. This typifies the familiar style brought forward in this important and timely work, which will surely become the book of choice for courses in comparative biomechanics."--Choice Praise for the previous edition:"[Vogel] is that rare animal, a biologist who is at once fluent in mathematics, conversant with physics and physical chemistry, and an accomplished practical engineer. More than that, the quality of Vogel's writing allows him to convey complex ideas clearly and make them so accessible that his books are hard to put down."--H.C. Bennet-Clark, Bioscience