*=New to this Edition Each chapter ends with Study Questions and Suggestions for Further Reading. Preface: Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace Chapter 1. Understanding War Why War?: Sigmund Freud Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity: Margaret Mead War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning: Chris Hedges War and Other Essays: William Graham Sumner Victims of Groupthink: Irving Janis The Causes of War: Michael Howard National Images and International Systems: Kenneth Boulding The Clash of Civilizations: Samuel P. Huntington * How Resource Scarcity and Climate Change Could Produce a Global Explosion: Michael Klare Battlefields of the Future: Peter W. Singer The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth Century Wars: Andrew Bacevich Chapter 2. Building "Negative Peace" The Moral Equivalent of War: William James Getting to Yes: Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton Disarmament Demands GRIT: Charles Osgood Ten Nuclear Myths: David Krieger and Angela McCrackien A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn A Powerful Peace: Jonathan Schell * Disarmament, Economic Conversion, and Jobs for All: Seymour Melman International Law: David P. Barash Catholic Answers: Just War Doctrine * Reforming the UN for the 21st Century: Vijay Mehta Violence Vanquished: Steven Pinker Life without War?: Douglas P. Fry Chapter 3. Responding to Terrorism The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy: Noam Chomsky Terrorism: Theirs and Ours: Eqbal Ahmad The U.S. Response to Terrorism: Haviland Smith Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism: Robert Pape * The True Spirit of Jihad: Sarah Ahmad Chapter 4. Building "Positive Peace" The Land Ethic: Aldo Leopold * Speech to the United Nations, 2015: Pope Francis * How to Judge Globalism: Amartya Sen Human Rights: David P. Barash Letter from a Birmingham Jail: Martin Luther King Jr. * Feminist Politics: Where We Stand: bell hooks Chapter 5. Nonviolence Civil Disobedience: Henry David Thoreau Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby: Leo Tolstoy Conscientious Objector: Edna St. Vincent Millay Neither Victims nor Executioners: Albert Camus * The Gospel of Nonviolence: Mohandas Gandhi Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War: Gene Sharp Soft Power: Joseph S. Nye Jr. Chapter 6. Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future On Humane Governance: Richard Falk Sexism and the War System: Betty Reardon A Human Approach to World Peace: Dalai Lama * Empire v. Democracy--Why Nemesis Is at Our Door: Chalmers Johnson No Future without Forgiveness: Desmond Tutu World Government?: David P. Barash * How Economic Growth Has Become Antilife: Vandana Shiva Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?: Victoria A. Bonney Index:
David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than thirty books, including Out of Eden (OUP, 2016), Buddhist Biology (OUP, 2013), and Homo Mysterious (OUP, 2012).
"Approaches to Peace does an excellent job of framing excerpts from major works in peace studies. This technique helps instructors show their students why texts from previous historical periods remain relevant in the present day. Barash's introductions and editorial comments can be read as free-standing essays; they do an impressive job of explaining the major theories and concepts."--Mark Frezzo, University of Mississippi "Approaches to Peace is very readable and offers comprehensive coverage of key themes. I think that it is one of the best readers."--Paula Rayman, University of Massachusetts, Lowell